The dangers of cybercrimes are many, and businesses are at risk for a variety of different types of attacks. Hackers may attempt to steal information, such as customer data or trade secrets, or to damage or disable systems. Businesses need to take measures to protect themselves from cyberattacks, including installing robust cybersecurity software and training employees in safe online practices. In the United States, businesses that want to work with the Department of Defense are required to comply with certain levels of cybersecurity measures. Here are some features of cybersecurity that you need to know about.
1. Network Segmentation
Network segmentation is a security measure that involves dividing a network into small, isolated segments. This makes it more difficult for attackers to move laterally across the network and reach sensitive data or systems.
Micro-segmentation is a security measure that involves creating very small, isolated segments within a network. This makes it even more difficult for attackers to move laterally across the network and reach sensitive data or systems.
3. Next-Generation Firewalls
Next-generation firewalls (NGFWs) are a type of firewall that provides greater visibility into and control over traffic flowing into and out of a network. NGFWs can help to prevent cyberattacks by blocking malicious traffic and keeping unauthorized users out of a network.
4. Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems
Intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPSs) are a type of security system that monitors network traffic for signs of intrusion or attempted intrusion. IDPSs can help to prevent cyberattacks by detecting and blocking malicious traffic.
5. Security Information and Event Management Systems
Security information and event management systems (SIEMs) are a type of security system that collects and analyzes data from multiple sources to provide a comprehensive view of an organization’s security posture. SIEMs can help to detect and respond to cyberattacks by providing real-time visibility into the state of a network.
6. Identity and Access Management Systems
Identity and access management systems (IAMs) are a type of security system that controls who has access to what resources within an organization. IAMs can help to prevent cyberattacks by ensuring that only authorized users have access to sensitive data or systems.
7. Data Loss Prevention Systems
Data loss prevention systems (DLPs) are a type of security system that helps to prevent the unauthorized disclosure of sensitive data. DLPs can help to prevent cyberattacks by identifying and blocking the attempted transfer of sensitive data out of an organization.
8. Endpoint Protection Systems
Endpoint protection systems (EPSs) are a type of security system that is installed on individual computers or devices within a network. EPSs can help to prevent cyberattacks by detecting and blocking malware before it has a chance to execute.
9. Multi-Factor Authentication
Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is a security measure that requires users to provide more than one form of authentication when logging into a system. MFA can help to prevent cyberattacks by making it more difficult for attackers to guess or brute-force their way into a system.
Encryption is a security measure that scrambles data so that it can only be read by authorized users. Encryption can help to prevent cyberattacks by making it more difficult for attackers to access sensitive data.
Tokenization is a security measure that replaces sensitive data with meaningless tokens. Tokenization can help to prevent cyberattacks by making it more difficult for attackers to access sensitive data.
12. Virtual Private Networks
Virtual private networks (VPNs) are a type of security system that encrypts traffic flowing between a user and a network. VPNs can help to prevent cyberattacks by making it more difficult for attackers to intercept or eavesdrop on communications.
13. Wireless Access Control
Wireless access control (WAC) is a security measure that restricts access to a wireless network to authorized users. WAC can help to prevent cyberattacks by keeping unauthorized users from accessing a network.
14. Application Whitelisting
Application whitelisting is a security measure that allows only approved applications to run on a computer or device. Application whitelisting can help to prevent cyberattacks by preventing malicious applications from executing.
15. Software-Defined Perimeter
A software-defined perimeter (SDP) is a type of security system that uses software to create an isolated, secure network environment. SDP can help to prevent cyberattacks by isolating networks and systems from the public Internet.
Security-as-a-service (SaaS) is a type of security system that is delivered as a cloud-based service. SaaS can help to prevent cyberattacks by providing an additional layer of security between an organization and the Internet.
17. Behavioral Analytics
Behavioral analytics is a type of security system that uses machine learning to identify abnormal or suspicious behavior. Behavioral analytics can help to detect and respond to cyberattacks by identifying anomalous activity that may be indicative of an attack.
18. Cyber Insurance
Cyber insurance is a type of insurance that covers losses incurred as a result of a cyberattack. Cyber insurance can help to mitigate the financial impact of a cyberattack by providing reimbursement for lost or stolen data, damaged equipment, and other expenses.
Cybersecurity is an important issue for businesses of all sizes. By implementing some or all of the measures listed above, businesses can help to protect themselves from the growing threat of cyberattacks. This not only keeps their and their clients’ data safe but also protects their reputation.